Political Economy Analysis Tools
A paper by the Effective States and Inclusive Development team distinguishes between three fundamental types of PEA: (1) Agenda setting or contextual analysis (or learning the game), (2) problem solving analysis (winning the game) and (3) influencing analysis (changing the game) (ESID, 2015). Each of these types of PEA can be applied at different levels (global, regional, country, sectoral and sub-sectoral).
The different types of PEA are also explained in The Beginner’s Guide to PEA from the National School of Government International (Whaites, 2017).
There is a large variety of analytical frameworks for PEA. Many of the frameworks have common features and work through similar steps. We list below a few of the analytical frameworks that have been developed:
- DFID’s Drivers of Change Framework (DFID, 2004).
- World Bank’s Problem Driven Political Economy Analysis (Fritz, Levy & Ort 2014)
- UNDP – Institutional and Context Analysis (UNDP, 2012)
- European Commission concept paper on ‘Using Political Economy Analysis to Improve Development Effectiveness’ (Unsworth & Williams, 2011) and its annex on country level political economy analysis (EC, 2011).
- The Netherlands – Strategic Governance and Corruption Assessment (SGACA) (CRU 2008)
- SIDA Power Analysis (SIDA, 2013)
- A five lenses framework for analysing the political economy in regional integration (Byiers, Vanheukelom & Kingombe, 2015).
The following papers provide useful toolkits for the application of particular analytical approaches when conducting political economy analysis.
- Stakeholder analysis. Swiss Development Cooperation has prepared comprehensive guidance on the use of stakeholder analysis (SDC, 2001)
- Analysis of collective action problems from a game theory perspective. See Corduneau-Huci, Hamilton and Masses Ferrer (2013)
- Everyday political analysis. A simple, stripped down tool to understand why actors behave in particular ways and what is their ability to bring about change (Hudson, Marquette and Waldock, 2016)
- PDIA toolkit: A DIY approach to solving complex problems (2018). See also, the related book: Building state capability evidence, analysis, action (Andrews, Pritchett & Woolcock, 2018).
- Wateraid political economy analysis toolkit (WaterAid, 2015).