Noteworthy Case Studies
The following examples of PEA have been grouped by level of analysis:
- Studies of the political economy of global issues. A good example is Tanner and Alouche’s (2011) study of the political economy of climate change.
- Studies of the political economy of regional integration. See the recent series of studies on the political economy of regional economic communities in Africa including Vanheukelom and Bertelsmann-Scott’s (2016) study of the Southern African Development Community.
- Country level political economy studies. Many of DFID’s original drivers of change study can be found on the GSDRC website. Notable examples include Ghana (Booth et al. 2005) and Malawi (Booth et al. 2006). For a review of how political economy analysis has been used at country level in Nigeria and Bangladesh see Duncan and Williams (2010). The political economy of economic reforms in Nigeria is further analysis in see Utomi et al. (2007)
- Sectoral political economy anaylsis. Examples include studies of the roads sector in Uganda (Booth and Golooba-Mutebi 2009 and Booth and Golooba-Mutebi 2015), public sector reform in Uganda (Andrews and Bategeka 2013), African agriculture (Booth, 2014), infrastructure sectors in Zambia (Beuran et al. 2011), urban bus transport in Bangladesh (World Bank, 2008) and the water sector in Kenya (Rampa 2011).
- Political economy analysis focused on problems within sectors. There are an increasing number of studies in this category, for example Wild and Cammack’s (2013) study of the supply and distribution of medicine in Malawi, and Cummings and Tahirou’s (2016) study on teacher deployment in Niger (2016).
Recent case studies have also described how PEA ideas have been used to enable development actors to engage in processes of promoting policy change. These approaches have been variously described as ‘thinking and working politically’, ‘doing development differently’ and ‘policy entrepreneurship’. Notable examples include a recent ODI review of donor programmes supporting reform processes in Nepal and Nigeria (Booth, 2016) and the Asia Foundation’s (2011) volume of case studies on economic policy reform in the Philippines. A further example from Nigeria is provided by Derbyshire and Mwamba’s (2013) case study on the DFID funded State Accountability and Voice Initiative.